The Low Countries 1837 CE
The small country of Belgium has appeared on the map of Europe.
What is happening in The Low Countries in 1837CE
The Netherlands spent most of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars (1793-1815) as a subject ally of France. At the peace settlement of 1815, the country was established as a kingdom, under the house of Orange, and the territory of the previous Austrian Netherlands was transferred to it, as a means of creating a strong state which might help check France’s ambitions in this part of Europe.
The king of the Netherlands was given a wide degree of power. As well as being a convinced Protestent, he also pushed for equality of all citizens, including equality of religion. This involved the supression of the legal privileges of the Roman Catholic Church. This was deeply unpopular in the Catholic south, and led the inhabitants to rise against the Dutch (and Protestant)-dominated government 1830. They gained full statehood (in 1831) as a kingdom under their own constitutional monarch. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg also becomes a separate state, but in personal union with the Dutch crown.