Korea 1960 CE

Korea is now divided into North and South Korea.

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What is happening in Korea in 1960CE

Koreans endure three and a half decades of Japanese occupation, characterized, towards the end, by a determined attempt to obliterate Korean culture. In 1945, Korea is liberated, by Soviet troops north of the 38th Parallel, and by US troops south of it.

The Soviets set up a communist government under Kim Il-sung in the north. In the south, after some delay, the USA sponsors the setting up of a republic which, in 1948, is recognized as the only official government of Korea by the UN. At the same time, the North Korean government is recognized as the only lawful government in Korea by the USSR. Events swiftly lead to the Korean War of 1950-53.

South Korea is devastated by the war, but her economy is rebuilt with international (mostly US) aid and investment. Under the autocratic rule of Syngman Rhee, the country goes on to build a prosperous, export-orientated economy. North Korea remains under the harsh rule of the USSR’s nominee, Kim Il-sung.

Next map, Korea in 2005

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