What is happening in Korea in 1914CE
From 1873, a new regime opens Korea’s doors to the outside world, letting first Japan, then China, in, and then others. A haphazard modernizing programme is inaugurated, funded largely by Chinese and Japanese investment; it is undermined however by continuing political instability at court. In order to protect their investments, Japan and China agree that Korea should be a joint sphere of influence (1885). Increasing peasant unrest provokes both powers to send in their troops, which sparks off the Sino-Japanese war of 1894-5. Japan wins this war, and Korea is assigned to the Japanese sphere of influence. This interferes with Russia’s ambitions in the region, and leads to the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-5. Japan is again victorious, and Japan’s position in Korea is secured. Korea becomes, first, a Japanese protectorate and then, in 1910, a Japanese colony.