Chile 1914 CE

Chile has extended her borders in the War of the Pacific.

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What is happening in Chile in 1914CE

The nitrate mining boom in the far north of Chile has aggravated border disputes with its neighbours, Peru and Bolivia, leading to war with the two nations (the War of the Pacific, 1879-83).

Chile won the war, thanks largely to her superior navy, and she extended her territories northward. However, the expenses of the war left the Chilean government in a weak financial state, and this caused it to seek to take more control over the economy, and specifically over the nitrate mines. This attempt was resisted by the landowning elite, and a brief civil war ensued (1891). This ended in the establishment of a full parliamentary system, initially under the complete control of the landed elite. As rival factions within this elite have competed for power, multi-party politics has evolved, reaching down into wider sections of the population and increasingly involving them in politics. A series of short-lived and weak governments have come and gone, but the political system has remained remarkably stable. The suffrage has widened to include the peasantry and the working classes, and the army has remained out of politics and under the control of parliament.

Next map, Chile in 1960

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