Australia 1837 CE

The areas of British settlement have expanded.

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What is happening in Australia in 1837CE

Sydney has developed slowly as a penal settlement, under the autocratic authority of the governors appointed by the British government, supported by his unit of soldiers. The soldiers are often given free land, and settle in Sydney as colonists. Freed convicts are also given land and, soon, free inhabitants outnumber convicts. Satellite penal colonies have been established in Tasmania (which later becomes a separate colony, 1825), Brisbane & Norfolk Island, and colony of free settlers in Western Australia.

After the initial settlement, the British colony was confined to the vicinity of Sydney for 25 years until, in 1813, a way across the Blue Mountains was pioneered. Settlers immediately drive their flocks of sheep & cattle inland, becoming the first of a class of “squatters” that will come to dominate the interior for decades to come.

The coming of European settlers has had a huge impact upon aboriginal society. The spread of European diseases has led to drastic declines in population. On the other hand, contact with Europeans has expanded and intensified already existing trading and manufacturing networks. New metal implements allow new food sources to be exploited, such as seals and dugongs, and deeper-sea fishing using dugout canoes has been introduced from South East Asia.

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