Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay 1960 CE

The charismatic figure of Eva Peron has added colour to Argentine politics.

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What is happening in Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay in 1960CE

After years of economic expansion, Argentina’s economy was hit by the global downturn of 1929. Disillusionment with the politicians led to a military coup in 1930. Although the military leaders sponsor civilian politicians, they remain the real arbiters of power. In 1946 Colonel Juan Peron is elected president, aided by the popular support given to his charismatic wife, Eva. Peron nationalises the railways and other major industries, and seeks to make Argentina economically self-sufficient. His wife, Eva, champions the poor, and wins widespread devotion from the working classes. Re-elected in 1951 with a landslide victory, Peron’s power does not long outlive the death of his wife. Big business and the army turn against him, and he is overthrown in 1955. A series of military governments follow.

Paraguay remains backward and inward looking under its dictators. It wins a bitter war with Bolivia over a large, sparsely-populated territory called the Gran Chaco (1933-5).

Uruguay, meanwhile, has been a beacon of political stability, economic progress and social justice until the 1950’s. It is called the “Switzerland of the Americas”. From the mid-1950’s onwards, however, it experiences a period of economic stagnation.

Next map, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay in 2005

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