Ancient Middle East II: Age of Empire 585 BCE
The Babylonian empire, under its famous king Nebuchadnezzar, is now the wealthiest and most powerful state in the Middle East.
The early 13th century BCE saw the height of the Bronze Age in the Middle East. A group of powerful kingdoms dominated the region.
The centuries between the late 13th and the late 11th were ones of turbulence for the Middle East - but also ones when foundations for the future were laid.
The Assyrians are a growing power in the Middle East, while the kingdom of Israel splits into two.
The Assyrian empire now dominates much of the Middle East, and is still expanding.
The Assyrians have now expanded their empire by conquering Egypt.
The Assyrian empire is no more: Medes, Babylonians, Egyptians, Scythians and Cimmerians have all played a part in destroying it.
Cyrus, king of the Persians, has gained control of the huge empire formerly ruled by the Medes.
Under Cyrus and his successors, the Persian empire has grown into the largest empire the world has yet seen.