AP World History, Period 2: The Classical World, 600 BCE to 600 CE

1. Premium Resources:

The following premium units are available for Period 2:

Classical India: 500 BCE to 500 CE

The Indian subcontinent from the time of the Buddha to that of the Gupta Empire.

Classical China: 500 BCE to 500 CE

Ancient China from the time of Confucius to after the fall of the Han empire.

Greece and Persia: 500 BCE to 500 CE

The Middle East and the Greeks – and the interactions between these regions – from before the Persian Wars to after Alexander the Great.

The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire: 500 BCE to 500 CE

This sequence of maps follows the fortunes of Rome as it faces down threats to its very existence in its early days and goes on to dominate the Mediterranean world.

2. Free Resources:

This page contains links to useful maps and articles within the Timemap of World History for AP World History, Period 2 (600 BCE to 600 CE).

The Maps are accompanied by short descriptions of what’s going on in the region shown. The Articles allow students to study topics in more depth. Here just a selection of key articles are referenced, due to the time constraints the AP world history program imposes.



For a global perspective on this period, see:

World maps for 500 BCE – 200 BCE – 30 BCE – 200 CE – 500 CEI

Ancient Europe


For a broad perspective on Europe, seeing the ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome in their wider context and particularly useful in showing the extent of these civilizations at different dates, see:

Europe 500 BCE – 200 BCE – 30 BCE – 200 CE – 500 CE

For a close-up on the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome, see:

Greece 500 BCE – 200 BCE – 30 BCE

Italy 500 BCE – 200 BCE


Key articles on civilizations, covering society, economy, culture and so on:

Ancient Europe

Ancient Greece

The Etruscans

Ancient Rome

The Ancient Middle East


For a broad perspective on the Middle East in this period, including the Persian empire, the Middle East after Alexander the Great, and the Parthian and Sasanid empires, see:

Middle East 500 BCE – 200 BCE – 30 BCE – 200 CE – 500 CE

Follow the links in these maps to the individual countries for more detail, but for the Jews and the beginnings of Christianity see especially:

Syria 500 BCE – 200 BCE – 30 BCE – 200 CE – 500 CE

See also for the development of the Indian Ocean spice trade:

Arabia 500 BCE – 200 BCE – 30 BCE – 200 CE – 500 CE


The Middle East

Ancient Israel

Late Babylonian Empire

The Persian Empire

Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic World

History of Ancient Egypt (under the Persians and the Ptolemies)

The Parthian Empire

The Sasanian Empire

Ancient India


For India at the time of the Buddha, the Mauryan empire, the Indo-Greeks and the Gupta empire, see:

India and South Asia 500 BCE – 200 BCE – 30 BCE – 200 CE – 500 CE


The Classical Age of Ancient India

The Mauryan Empire

Gandhara India – including the Indo-Greeks

Ancient China


For China at the time of Confucius, the Qin and Han empires, and the time of division, see:

China 500 BCE – 200 BCE – 30 BCE – 200 CE – 500 CE

For a broader perspective on East Asia, seeing the links between China and its neighbours, and the emergence of urban civilization in Korea and Japan, see:

East Asia 500 BCE – 200 BCE – 30 BCE – 200 CE – 500 CE


The Zhou dynasty

The Qin dynasty

The Han dynasty

Divided China



For the Bantu migrations and the trans-Saharan trade route, see:

Africa 500 BCE – 200 BCE – 30 BCE – 200 CE – 500 CE

West Africa 500 CE

Ancient America


For the Andean cultures, including the Moche civilization:

Peru 500 BCE – 200 BCE – 30 BCE – 200 CE500 CE

For Mesoamerica, including Teotihuacan and the early Mayan civilization, see:

Central America 500 BCE – 200 BCE – 30 BCE – 200 CE – 500 CE


Pre-Columbian civilization

3. Lesson Idea:

Classical Civilizations

More lesson ideas are given in the Premium Teachers Area.

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