One small part of the region, Judaea, has given birth to the new religion of Christianity, but has also seen the dispersal of the Jewish people from their homelandclick to view Middle East 200AD
Egypt is a province of the Roman empireclick to view Egypt 200AD
The civilization of southern Arabia is in declineclick to view Arabia 200AD
All of North Africa is now part of the Roman empire, while to the south the Bantu migration continuesclick to view Africa 200AD
Nubian civilization is suffering from a shortage of resourcesclick to view North East Africa 200AD
The kingdom of Axum (Aksum) has become a powerful state. It has also become a Christian state, converted by monks from the Byzantine empire. Ethiopian Christianity is centred around monasteries, which will play an enormous part in the cultural and political life of the country. Shortly after this time, the Ethiopians briefly control the south-western parts of the Arabian peninsula, before being driven back across the Red Sea by the Persians.
Axum, and its port Adulis, on the Red Sea coast, are flourishing centres of trade; at this time Axum apparently exercises a controlling influence upon the maritime trade coming up the Red Sea from India and the East.
The Middle East is divided between the Eastern Roman empire and the Persian empireclick to view Middle East 500AD
Egypt is a province of the Eastern Roman Empireclick to view Egypt 500AD
The civilization of southern Arabia has declined, along with the great desert trade routesclick to view Arabia 500AD
In West Africa the trade routes across the Sahara are expanding, while to the east the powerful kingdom of Ethiopia has emergedclick to view Africa 500AD
click to view North East Africa 500AD
Hover MAP for summary and tap to zoom. MAP < and > buttons change date. TIMELINE icons jump to date. See below for historical summary.